The Nera Valley it is characterized by its history, traditions, gastronomy and nature, this Valley takes the name from the river that crosses it, the Black River. Up the River, entering the heart of the Nera Valley, you can see small villages characterized by structures of typical Umbrian hillside castle area. In landscape, that show the extraordinary and unspoiled beauty aspects, are visible footprints of Millennial Human Presence, culture, history of typical populations that lived in the Apennines. It is one of the most strategic hills, the hill of St. Augustine, lapped by the Horn River and surrounded by green mountains in the Apennines, in the south of Sibillini Mountains, stands the town of Cascia.
Cascia has a millenary history, the origin is surely to be traced back to pre -Roman times, when this territory was inhabited by populations pastoralists who, following ancient routes of transhumance, were in contact and in part contributed to the formation of nascent Roman civilization. The most important and impressive testimony of this period is the magnificent temple of Villa S. Silvestro. The presence of important documents and archaeological discoveries show that Cascia and the surrounding area were an important center in Roman times. It is said that Emperor Vespasian was born in this territory. With the fall of the Empire began a long series of invasions and destructions. After is Cassiae Castrum on the hill of St. Augustine, then Cascia reaches the municipal autonomy but only in the Middle Ages knows the historical peak. The same conformation of Cascia and most of the municipal area countries is due to the defensive choices made at that time. First under the domination of the dominion of Foligno, it later passed under the rule of Frederick II of Svevia, then was contended, unsuccessfully, from the nearby town of Norcia, Leonessa and Spoleto. Elevated to the rank of city by Pope Clement VIII in 1596, Cascia, suffered heavy destruction from the earthquake that followed from 1599 to 1730. In 1860 it became part of the Kingdom of Italy. Speaking of Cascia you cannot mention Santa Rita, the nun, who was beatified in 1900, she lived between 1381 and 1457. The Saint, known throughout the world as a dispenser of grace, receives every year the visit of pilgrims to the Shrine to her consecrated.
To see in the town are mostly the majestic monuments of the Middle Ages:
CASTELLUCCIO AND NORCIA
Castelluccio place of outstanding natural beauty at the foot of Mount Vettore, which dominates the famous Piana di Castelluccio, the lake dried up in the centuries that creating a lush flowering vegetation. Visit the village and its sixteenth attractions. Norcia, medieval town, birthplace of St. Benedict Patron of Europe, a proponent of the historic Benedictine Rule, with which he opened a new monastic era, currently still in force.
MONTELEONE DI SPOLETO
Monteleone di Spoleto, a small Umbrian town is universally known for random archaeological discovery, which occurred in 1902 in the locality Colle del Capitano, a priceless work of greek - Italic art, the so-called " Etruscan chariot ", consisting of a parade float dating from the mid-sixth century BC. The village is very famous for the production of legumes and cereals in particular spelt recognized by experts as DOP.
It 's a beautiful little town at about a thousand meters of altitude, in Latium, in a wide valley in the Apennines on the border with Umbria. Has various tourist possibilities and resort for summer and winter: the urban development of medieval origins, the sacred buildings are rich in works of art of great interest.
VILLA SAN SILVESTRO
The area of Villa San Silvestro is an extraordinary and unique testimony of life in Sabina territory during the first centuries of Rome's dominion, with textures and materials of high quality that are comparisons only in the major centers of the time and in Rome itself. More than 2000 years ago, in fact, Villa San Silvestro was designate by Rome as the administrative reference point, the political and commercial center of the surrounding area, making the area 's development of public buildings and large temples and It represented the largest production and economic center of the territory.
EREMO DELLA MADONNA DELLA STELLA
Is one of the most beautiful Hillside hermitages of the Nera Valley, placed in a natural setting of incomparable beauty and wonderful atmosphere.
ABBAZIA DI SANT’EUTIZIO
Hidden in the heart of Valcastoriana ( Umbria ), Sant' Eutizio Abbey preserves and hands down an ancient and fascinating tale: that of an original monastic spirituality, the synthesis of East and West. Sant'Eutizio Abbey gained a significant reputation for cultural and medical reasons in fact, accepting the Benedictine rule that preached the duty to devote himself to the care of the sick and infirm, it developed an important school of medicine and surgery that gave birth to Preci surgical school, which became famous throughout Europe. Today the complex consists of the medieval church and monastery, built on the basis of a cliff on which stands the bell tower.
VALLO DI NERA
Vallo di Nera is a town that barely emerges from the woods with its pale stone houses, extraordinarily preserved from 1217, since the city of Spoleto granted to Vallo’s men to build a castle to defend the valley, on the hill where previously it stood a fortress. It therefore appears as a medieval fortress with a town planning on an elliptical plan, built on a hill of the Black River.
Spoleto, a twelfth -century town, famous for its history is still the custodian of many important monuments such as: the majestic towers of the bridge, a symbol of Spoleto, the supreme example of a Roman aqueduct.
FONTI DEL CLITUNNO
Fed by underground springs that emerge from fissures in the rocks, constitute a true natural jewel of the area. The clear water that is formed and its shores are surrounded by dense vegetation of willows and poplars give the place a charming and romantic.
Spello rises between Assisi and Foligno, situated on Mount Subasio. Considering the nearby cities, this is definitely one that retains the greatest number of monuments that bear witness to the Roman era; as the city walls, the remains of the theater and the amphitheater, the baths
Founded in Roman times near the Via Flaminia and the shores of Clitunno River, near the city of San Francisco and the home of the Sagrantino, Trevi is called the City of Oil and is considered one of the most beautiful towns in Italy. Surrounded by olive trees, Trevi preserves Roman and medieval remains that give a particularly fascinating.
Montefalco, known for its enchanting location, is situated on top of a pleasant hill that stands at the center of the valleys of Clitunno, Topino and Tiber. Also famous for the frescoes of its churches, which make it an essential reference point for the knowledge of the Umbrian painting, and for sanctuaries that represent, in religious tourism, an important stage of the Umbrian spirituality. It is a charming place of exceptional beauty, a small peaceful scenery.
It is a small medieval village, the name of Collevalenza derives from the temple dedicated to Juno Valentia, which stood in the place of the present castle. Was long disputed by Guelph and Ghibellines, this led to the destruction of the castle, rebuilt in 1424 and today you can still admire the fifteenth-century towers and the walls in the Gothic style with two openings. The Sanctuary of Collevalenza is built at the behest of Hope Mother of Jesus. Mother Hope was beatified May 31, 2014 by Pope Francis. The pilgrimage to Collevalenza, which is now called the Little Lourdes, focuses on the liturgies of the waters with swimming in pools.
CASCATA DELLE MARMORE
From the beginning of the Valley, you can admire the spectacle of the waterfalls formed by the Velino waters flow with a jump of 161 meters, in the Black River. By day the spraying of water on the surrounding greenery creates an expertly placed artificial surreal scenery and night lights are becoming this magical corner of Umbria, thanks to the richness of these waters is also a great industrial interest.
Assisi, land of St. Francis and St. Clare, is a place of spirituality and peace. Assisi as well as being known for the life of St. Francis, founder of the Franciscans, is the custodian a huge historical and artistic heritage, not only on the surface but also in the basement. Under the town square, dominated by the Roman Temple of Minerva ( 1 sec . A.c. ), there is the ancient Roman forum. In environments of the original convent of the Portiuncula to admire the most significant works of art of the sanctuary, some of which date back to the early days of the Franciscan experience.